State Bar of Arizona Ethics Opinions

86-11: Unauthorized Practice of Law; Jurisdiction

Law firm's representation of a company to supervise the (client) company's representation before the Department of Economic Security under Supreme Court Rule 31(a)(4)(A).


The inquiring law firm has been approached by a Company which proposes to engage the law firm to supervise the Company's representation as an authorized agent of employers in proceedings before an Appeal Tribunal or the Appeals Board of the Department of Economic Security. Such entity will receive a fee for its representation of employers in this capacity and in these proceedings. The contractual arrangements will be strictly between the law firm and the Company, thus excluding any contractual responsibility of the law firm to the Company's clients and will be as follows:

a. The law firm will provide advice and supervision to the Company in matters pertaining to hearings before the DES;

b. The law firm will review all material pertaining to the Company's representation before DES;

c. The Company will pay to the law firm a standard sum for each appeal supervised by the law firm. The calculation for this standard amount was based on the estimated amount of work to be done on each review of individual cases submitted to the law firm. If time reveals that a re-evaluation of the amount is justified, then fee schedules will be renegotiated, based upon time expended on each individual case;

d. A provision will be inserted in the agreement stating that the Company may not direct or regulate the professional judgment of the law firm; and

e.The law firm is directly responsible only to the Company. There will be no attorney/client relationship between the law firm and any clients, or employees of clients, of the Company.


Is it ethically proper, on the facts presented, for the law firm to undertake the representation of the Company?


E.R. 5.5(b), Unauthorized Practice of Law

E.R. 7.2(g), Advertising


Similar questions have come before this Committee on past occasions. (See our Opinions Nos. 70-6, 73-21, 75-11, 75-19, 76-18, 79-87-51-34, 84-4 and 85-7.) The instant request for an opinion was drafted specifically with the points raised in Opinion No. 85-7 in mind.

Under the foregoing described circumstances, the Committee. agrees that ER 7.2(g) is inapplicable and that there is no fee-splitting problem of the type raised by the fact situations of Opinions Nos. 85-7 and 84-4.

A more fundamental problem, however, is raised by the factual scenario proposed by the inquiry, i.e., whether Rule 31(a) (4)(A) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Arizona, as amended, Permits a corporate entity to be an "authorized agent?"

Under the proposed scenario, it appears that the Company would be designated the authorized agent of the employer and would receive a fee. The Company, however, can only act through its officers and employees. Thus, such sub-delegation of authority would have to occur and an officer or employee of the Company would actually appear before the tribunal. In fact, this sub-delegated agent would have to be the "authorized agent whom the attorney must supervise and be responsible for. The Rule appears to contemplate that the person actually making the appearance before the tribunal would either not be compensated for his services or be the one charging the fee. There appears no provision in the Rule for a person being paid by the Company to appear before the tribunal for a party and for that party to be charged a fee by the Company.

The Committee has no reservations about an individual as an authorized representative appearing before the tribunal and charging a fee, provided, of course, he is supervised by a lawyer who is responsible for his actions. Also, under the amended Rule, it is clear that a corporate employer can appear before the tribunal through an officer, employee or an authorized agent who is to receive a fee. The Committee questions, however, whether the Rule is broad enough to allow a corporation to be an authorized agent for a corporate or individual employer or to permit the corporate authorized agent to appear through an officer or employee. Certainly, if the Rule is not so broad as to cover such a situation, the Company would be engaged in the unauthorized practice of law and the law firm's participation in the program would constitute a violation of ER 5.5(b).

Unfortunately, the Committee is not in a position to provide an opinion as to the scope of Rule 31(a) (4) (A), as such an opinion would be beyond the jurisdictional limits of the Committee. The interpretation of the scope of the Rule is for the Supreme Court to decide. 

Formal opinions of the Committee on the Rules of Professional Conduct are advisory in nature only and are not binding in any disciplinary or other legal proceeding. This opinion is based on the Ethical Rules in effect on the date the opinion was published. If the rules change, a different conclusion may be appropriate.

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